Alfred Nobel Some Stories of famous personalities - Everydays Gk

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Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Alfred Nobel Some Stories of famous personalities

Some Stories of famous personalities
Alfred-Nobel-Some- Stories-of-famous-personalities
Alfred-Nobel-Some- Stories-of-famous-personalities
·        Alfred Nobel, he was of scientist inventor businessmen and founder of the Nobel Prizes.

·         he was born in Stockholm Sweden on October 21st, 1833

·          his father's name was Emanuel Nobel and mother's name was Andrew yet also Nobel

·         his father was a Swedish engineer architect inventor an industrialist

·          he was third of the eight children of his parents

·         his father appointed private tutor to educate Alfred

·          he especially loved chemistry and languages

·          he was fluent in English German French and Russian

·          he studied under the chemist Nikolai's

·          and went to Paris in 1850 such was his love for chemistry that he went to the United States as an eighteen year old

·          to further his knowledge on the subject he loved literature from a young age and used to write poetry

·          his parents were opposed to his literary pursuits so he never got his work published

·         he started working in his father's factory

·         after completing his studies Alfred was deeply interested in studying explosives and obsessively experimented with nitroglycerin

·          a tragic accident happened at the shed used for preparing nitroglycerin in which five people including his younger brother Emil was killed

·          Nobel became more focused on developing explosives that were safer than nitroglycerin

·         later he found that when nitroglycerin was combined with an absorbent inert substance it became more convenient to handle and safer to use

·         this new substance dynamite was patented in 1867 and adopted in wide usage in mining internationally

·          it was the first safely manageable explosive that was stronger than black powder continuing his fascination with nitroglycerin

·          he mixed it with nitrocellulose compounds and developed the transparent jelly-like substance which was even more powerful than dynamite

·          it was called Joule ignite and patented in 1876

·          to lignite was more stable and better for the purpose of mining

·          he formulated a smokeless propellant made from nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin

·         which also contained 10% camphor

·          this mixture was called valise tight and was patented next year

·          he fell in love with a Russian girl called Alexandra who rejected his proposal

·          he later developed feelings for his secretary, Bertha Kinski and they had a close friendship until his death he met Sophie Hesse in 1876 and developed a relationship with her that lasted for 18 years

·          he never married her had children

·         his brother Ludwig died in Kon in 1888

·         a French newspaper wrongly published the obituary of Alfred Nobel

·          stating that the merchant of death is dead Alfred was highly upset to realize that this was how he would be remembered after his death

·          he wanted to do something to redeem his reputation and left a major portion of his massive wealth for the creation of an international prize fund for honoring eminent personalities

·         in the fields of physics chemistry medicine literature and for work in peace

·          his last will signed on 27th November 1895

·         laid the foundation for the prize the first Nobel prizes were awarded in 1901

·         he held a total of 355 different patterns

·         he has an element in the periodic table named after him called nobelium

·          he died of an intracerebral hemorrhage at San Remo Italy on December 10th, 1896

·         at the age of 63 if I have a thousand ideas and only one turns out to be good I am satisfied said, Alfred Nobel

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